Saturday, June 10, 2017

Fruit of strawberries

The strawberry (Fragaria spp.) is the most popular type of berry fruit in the world. While there are more than 600 varieties of strawberries that differ in flavor, size, and texture, they all have the same characteristics heart shape, red flesh with yellow seeds piercing the surface, small, regal, leafy green caps, and stems that adorn their crown.

Strawberries are usually picked with the calyx or cap intact, since this enhances the keeping quality of the fruit. For processing, the berries are picked without the cap. The berries are placed in baskets of 1 Ib (454 g) capacity, and the baskets are placed in crates for transportation to the processing plant.
At the processing plant the berries are washed, inspected on belts to remove green and rotten specimens, and then repacked in baskets and crates for shipment as fresh products. They are then cooled to 31 to 32 degree F and should be held at this temperature until sold to the consumer. In this condition, they have a storage life of about 10 days. In some cases, strawberries for the fresh trade are precooled in refrigerated water.

They are eaten fresh, often with cream. They are also used as a filling for pastries, pies and cakes. Strawberries are an excellent source of vitamins C and K, dietary fiber, and flavonoids. They are also a very good source of manganese, panthotenic acid, vitamin B1, and iodine.
Fruit of strawberries
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